• CYBERWARFAREThe Risk of Russian Cyber Retaliation for the United States Sending Rockets to Ukraine

    By Scott Jasper

    U.S. rocket shipments to Ukraine will not trigger Russian cyberattacks against the United States. Russian is too focused on attacking Ukrainian systems and defending their own networks to mount a response to the weapons shipments.

  • WAR IN UKRAINERussia’s Hybrid War in Ukraine

    By Tom Burt

    Microsoft last week released a report which details a broad cyberattacks campaign by Russia in Ukraine, a campaign conducted in concert with kinetic military action. At least six Russian Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) actors and other unattributed threats, have conducted destructive attacks, espionage operations, or both, while Russian military forces attack the country by land, air, and sea.

  • CYBERWARCyberattacks Have Yet to Play a Significant Role in Russia’s Battlefield Operations in Ukraine – Cyberwarfare Experts Explain the Likely Reasons

    By Nadiya Kostyuk and Erik Gartzke

    Since the latter half of 2021 analysts offered contrasting predictions about the role cyberspace would play in an armed conflict. These predictions capture an ongoing debate about whether conflict in cyberspace is destined to supplant conventional conflict or exacerbate it. As the war has evolved, it’s clear that analysts on both sides of the debate got it wrong.

  • CYBERWARRussia’s Cyber War: What’s Next and What the European Union Should Do.

    By Arthur de Liedekerke and Arthur Laudrain

    The EU has made long-term changes which will improve it’s cybersecurity. However, the bloc needs to make a series of short-term changes to guard against potential Russian cyberattacks.

  • CYBERWARSA War Within a War: Cyberattacks Signal a New Approach to Combat

    In addition to fighting with troops on the ground, Ukraine is also defending itself on another front, from cyberattack.

  • CYBERWARSCyberspace: The New Battleground in Modern-Day Warfare

    Twenty-first century battles are now being fought digitally, as well as with missiles on land, sea and air. Bolstering cybersecurity is thus becoming ever more important as nation states wage war in new and complex arenas.

  • UKRAINE CRISISWhy Putin’s War with Ukraine Is a Miscalculation

    By Charles A. Kupchan

    Putin’s invasion of Ukraine is a geopolitical earthquake that will cause repercussions far beyond Europe. But the Russian president might be planting the seeds for the demise of his regime by overreaching.

  • CYBERWARHow Much Damage Could a Russian Cyberattack Do in the U.S.?

    By Scott Jasper

    U.S. intelligence analysts have determined that Moscow would consider a cyberattack against the U.S. as the Ukraine crisis grows. As a scholar of Russian cyber operations, I know the Kremlin has the capacity to damage critical U.S. infrastructure systems.

  • CYBERWARWide Range of Possible Targets for Russian Cyberstrikes, from Infrastructure to Smartphones

    By Colleen Walsh

    For years prior to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin’s government waged cyberwar aimed at destabilizing the country’s infrastructure, government, and financial systems, including several distributed-denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks in the run-up to this week’s assault. What are Russia’s cyberwarfare capabilities, and what would a cyberattack against the U.S. look like?

  • CYBERWARUkraine-Russia: The First Shots Have Already Been Fired – in Cyberspace

    By Robert M. Dover

    Wars always used to begin to with the softening up of an enemy – with artillery fire, strategic bombing, missile launches. It is different now: The opening salvos in the latest chapter of hostilities are being fired in cyberspace.

  • INFORMATION WARAre Russia and China Teaming Up Against America in a Global Information War? Yes and No.

    By Clint Watts

    Are Russia and China coordinating information campaigns, or is their symbiotic relationship merely reflective of messaging opportunism and interest alignment? The Kremlin is the unquestioned leader in the dissemination of global propaganda and disinformation, both on traditional and social media channels. Much of Moscow’s approach has been adopted by Beijing, China is authoring its own authoritarian influence playbook backed by financial and technological resources that Russia simply cannot match.

  • CYBERWARFAREUsing IT to Defeat Evolving Threats: The Case of the Marine Corps

    By Matt Gonzales

    Since the dawn of the 21st century, the Marine Corps has progressively placed a greater emphasis on leveraging IT components. It has since become nestled within the Corps’ supply chain and is integral in achieving present and future goals.

  • ARGUMENT: Cyber offenseResponsible Cyber Offense

    There is responsible conduct in cyberspace, and there is irresponsible conduct. Perri Adams, Dave Aitel, George Perkovich, and JD Work write that “If the SolarWinds operation was a case of somewhat responsible hacking within the bounds of acceptable state action (even if Russia is far from a responsible actor in cyberspace), the Exchange operation, by contrast, demonstrates how an irresponsibly conducted espionage operation can escalate into collateral damage and instability.” They write that, despite critical preventive efforts, “offensive operations will continue apace in the foreseeable future—conducted by the United States, its allies and its adversaries. The choice is whether and how to engage in them responsibly and minimize cost to societies.”

  • CyberwarWith Cyberattacks Growing More Frequent and Disruptive, a Unified Approach Is Essential

    By Yasser Morgan

    Coordinated cyberattacks can create massive disruptions to infrastructure and supply chains. New treaties are needed to prevent cyberwarfare, but it’s challenging to predict technological advances.

  • ARGUMENT: Taking down botsWhen Should U.S. Cyber Command Take Down Criminal Botnets?

    Trickbot is back. U.S. Cyber Command targeted this malware in autumn 2020 in an unprecedented use of military offensive cyber operations to disrupt a purely criminal operation. Jason Healey writes that “Such military operations are a good idea only in cases that meet a five-part test of imminence, severity, overseas focus, nation-state adversary, and military as a last-ish resort.”