• CHINA WATCHThe Meaning of Biden’s Big Shift on Taiwan

    By David Sacks

    The Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) does not obligate the United States to directly intervene on Taiwan’s behalf. Instead, for four decades Washington has maintained a policy of “strategic ambiguity,” leaving unanswered the question of whether it would defend Taiwan. In moving away from strategic ambiguity, Biden made a long overdue adjustment to U.S. policy.

  • WAR IN UKRAINEStatistical Physics Refutes Theory of ‘Two Ukraines’

    The notion that there are two Ukraines –a western Ukraine which is more Europe-oriented, the other in east Ukraine, which is more Russia-oriented – has been widespread. The key finding of a new statistical study is that the theory of two Ukraines doesn’t hold up against the data. Conflicts do exist within Ukraine but aren’t ideologically west versus east.

  • IRAN’S NUKESCodifying Support for Nuclear Inspections in Iran

    By David Albright

    The main obstacle for a new nuclear deal with Iran is Iran’s disregard of its safeguards commitments and defiance of standard International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) procedures are more problematic for a nuclear deal. Resolving those outstanding inspection issues offers a far more promising pathway to prevent Iran from building nuclear weapons in the long run.

  • CHINA WATCHCalifornia Church Shooting Exposes Little-Known Tension Between Two Groups of Taiwanese

    By Ralph Jennings

    Americans of Taiwanese descent belong to two distinct groups: Members of the first group come from families which had lived in Taiwan for hundreds of years. Members of the second group descend from families who were part of a wave of people from China who were exiled to Taiwan in the 1940s under the Chinese Nationalist government as the Communists took over mainland China. Members of the first group vehemently oppose China, while members of the second group are more conciliatory toward China and its regional ambitions. The two groups’ historical differences and ongoing tensions became evident on Sunday in a shootout at a Taiwanese Presbyterian church gathering in Southern California.

  • ENERGY SECURITYAMLO's Lithium Grab and War on Green Energy Will Hurt North America

    By Shannon K. O'Neil

    Nationalizing Mexico’s lithium reserves and extending state control over electricity and energy will undermine the region’s prosperity and security.

  • ENERGY SECURITYEurope Cooperates on Gas, as Russia Turns Off Taps to Poland, Bulgaria

    By Barbara Wesel

    Russia has halted gas exports to Poland and Bulgaria, ramping up the pressure on all EU states to find alternative suppliers. Some are working on cutting Russian gas altogether, others have plans to share with neighbors.

  • WAR IN UKRAINEWhy Is Germany Not Supplying Ukraine with Heavy Weapons?

    By Rob Mudge

    The criticism of German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has been unrelenting. He has been accused of stalling and breaking his promises over sending heavy weapons to Ukraine. Here are some of the main points of contention.

  • ENERGY SECURITYCan Africa Satisfy Europe's Energy Demand?

    By Abu-Bakarr Jalloh

    As the war in Ukraine rages on, the European Union is desperately searching for alternative energy sources. Africa has abundant reserves, but experts say the continent’s energy sector needs urgent reforms and help.

  • CHINA WATCHChina’s Growing Influence in Latin America

    By Diana Roy

    Over the past two decades, China has developed close economic and security ties with many Latin American countries, including Brazil and Venezuela. But Beijing’s growing sway in the region has raised concerns in Washington and beyond.

  • CHINA WATCHRussia’s War in Ukraine: China’s Lessons

    By Ralph Jennings

    China is learning from Russia’s troubled war in Ukraine to improve its battle strategies and prepare for economic sanctions if Beijing ever attacks self-ruled Taiwan. Experts say that China may also be looking harder at peaceful solutions for Taiwan, they say.

  • ENERGY SECURITYGermany: €3 Billion for Floating LNG Terminals

    By Jon Shelton

    Berlin plans to lease four liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals to wean itself off Russian gas. The decision comes as the controversial Nord Stream 2 pipeline now sits unused at the bottom of the Baltic Sea.

  • DETERRENCEDisrupting Deterrence: The Effects of Technologies on Strategic Deterrence

    What are the implications of eight specific emerging technologies for both the effectiveness of U.S. deterrent policies and the stability of deterrence relationships?

  • THE RUSSIA CONNECTIONA Headache for Germany: Russian Nickel, Palladium, Chromium Exports

    By Arthur Sullivan

    Russian gas and oil are by far the most significant exports Moscow sells to Germany. Yet other important raw materials are also under the spotlight because of the war in Ukraine.

  • RULES OF WARCurbing Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas

    By Lisa Schlein

    The Ukrainian city of Mariupol is one of the latest examples of a populated area that has been turned to rubble by the relentless use of heavy explosive weapons. Destroyed cities and towns in Yemen, Ethiopia, and Syria, among others, provide other examples. An international agreement under negotiation at the United Nations this week seeks to reduce harm to civilians by curbing the use of heavy explosive weapons in cities, towns and villages.

  • WATER SECURITYShared Water Resources: Source of Both Peace and Conflict

    By Ruby Russell

    From the Euphrates to the Mekong, dams that ensure one country’s water supply risk leaving others parched. But shared water resources can be a source of peace as well as conflict.